Setting up the NAS
In this post, you’ll learn how to set up your newly bought Synology DS220+. Setting up the NAS is very easy and might take about 10 minutes. Once you unbox the NAS,
- Keep the NAS on the flat surface
- Pull out the drive tray (s) and install the hard drive (s)
- Connect the one end of the LAN cable to NAS
- Connect the other end of the LAN cable to your WiFi router
- Power up the NAS using the provided adapter
- Press the Power button on the NAS to boot the device
After making sure both Router and NAS are connected properly, open any web browser on your PC and enter find.synology.com. It will take a few seconds and you’ll see the details of your NAS along with Model Number, Mac Address, IP Address, and Status. Make a note that, there is also an official app called Synology Assistant which will help you set up the NAS. I would still recommend a browser-based setup as it is quick and no additional downloads are required.
Note: Make sure you are connected to the same WiFi router to which your DS220+ is connected. You can connect your PC or Laptop to the router using a LAN cable or WiFi. The LAN mode will give you more speed wherein WiFi allows you to connect to the NAS without any additional wires but with lesser speeds.
Now, it’s time to install the DSM (OS). Click on Connect and Accept the License Agreement. Now, click on Set up. Now, you’ll be asked to install the DSM. Click on ‘Install Now‘. During the installation, all the data on your hard disk (1) will be deleted and you need to select OK from the popup to proceed with the installation.
Now, Synology will format your hard drive and download the latest DSM version from its servers. This process is automatic and it will take a few minutes depending on the speed of your internet connection. The NAS restarts automatically once the download is complete.
Setting up Synology Admin
The next step involves creating Admin Controls. You’ll be asked to create a Username and Password which will be used to access and manage your DS220+.
- Server name: Give a unique name (Ex: Server1, Server_Office)
- Username: Enter any name (It’s nothing but your Login username)
- Password: Enter a string password (It can be changed anytime)
- Confirm Password: Repeat the password
Once you enter the required details hit Next. Make sure you remember the Username and Password. You need to enter these every time if you want to access or manage the NAS.
Setting up Synology Quick Connect ID
QuickConnect is a service from Synology that allows you to access your NAS via the Internet using any application such as Audio Station, Video Station, Download Station, Surveillance Station, Photo Station, File Station, etc. If you set up QuickConnect, there is no need to set up port forwarding rules (Ignore if you don’t understand). This step is optional and you can set up QuickConnect even after the setup or whenever you need it.
In the QuickConnect Sign up window enter the following details
- Email address – Enter your Email ID
- Password – Create a very strong password
- Confirm password – Enter the password again
- Region – Select your region
- QuickConnect ID – Enter the ID (Ex: YourName, YourName123 etc.)
Now, hit Next. Make sure you remember the QuickConnect ID and Password. You need these when you set up the Synology apps on your smartphone or access the NAS when you are outside the home.
Please be noted, Synology Admin Account and QuickConnect Account are different. Synology Admin account is to access your NAS in the Home network wherein the QuickConnect helps you access the NAS outside the home through internet or mobile data.
The DSM is nothing but an OS just like Windows 10 or macOS. You’ll see a Desktop with Apps – Package Center, Control Panel, File Station, and DSM Help. There is a System Health widget placed on the bottom right that shows CPU, RAM usage along with a few other details.
Creating Volume to Store Files
Before exploring one last important task is to create a volume. The Volumes provide the basic storage space on your DS220+. All of your data such as shared folders, documents, etc. are stored on volumes. So, before you start storing anything on your Synology NAS, you’ll have to create a volume. If you are a beginner and don’t know much about the file system, simply follow the below steps. To create a volume:
- Click on the Main menu and Select Storage Center
- Click on Volume -> Create Volume
- Select the mode – Select Quick if you don’t know what you are doing. Custom mode is recommended for expert users.
- Select Raid Type as SHR and tap on Next.
Note: One of the key differences between SHR and RAID is the combination of hard drives you can use. The SHR allows you to use hard drives of different sizes. This means you can combine a 4TB drive with an 8TB drive which is not possible in RAID. So SHR is useful when you are upgrading the hard drives of different capacities. RAID has its own advantages such as Speed, Improved Performance, etc. Also, you can not switch to SHR from RAID without formatting the hard drives. So it is recommended to use SHR.
- Select the Hard Drive – You can select either one Hard drive or both. I used only one hard drive during testing so only one hard drive is showing here.
- You’ll get a Data Erase waring – Select Yes
- Select the File System – Select BTRFS (Recommended)
- Confirm the Settings – Select Apply
Now, the NAS will create a New Volume and it will take a few seconds. Once the Volume is created, the disk will undergo Verification (called Parity Consistency Check) and it will take a few hours (took about 5 hours for me) depending on your hard drive capacity. This process is automatic and you don’t need to do anything.
Also make a note that, during the verification, you can use the NAS but the NAS performance may go down due to the background verification process. So it is recommended to keep the NAS idle till the verification process completes.
Once the verification is done, the Status of the hard drive will change to Healthy. That’s it, now your Synology DS220+ is ready for use. You can now install apps, copy files, etc. Do let me know in the comment section if you need any help.